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Official Name:  Rwanda


 French, and English

Rwandan franc


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  • Helping to prepare your documents
  • Start to finish your company registration process
  • Immigration services




Rwanda, a landlocked country in East Africa, has a complex history, vibrant culture, growing economy, and a unique political landscape. This page provides an overview of these aspects, showcasing the resilience and progress of this remarkable nation.

History: Rwanda’s history is marked by a tragic chapter known as the 1994 Rwandan genocide, where an estimated 800,000 people, mainly from the Tutsi ethnic group, were killed in a period of 100 days. However, Rwanda has made significant strides in healing and rebuilding since then. Prior to the genocide, Rwanda had a history of colonization by Germany and later Belgium, which contributed to ethnic tensions. The nation’s journey towards reconciliation and unity has been a cornerstone of its progress in recent years.

Culture: Rwanda’s culture is rich and diverse, with its population consisting primarily of the Banyarwanda people, who are divided into three main ethnic groups: the Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa. Traditional Rwandan music, dance, and poetry play a vital role in cultural expression and storytelling. The Intore dancers, with their impressive choreography, colorful costumes, and rhythmic drumming, are a symbol of Rwandan culture. The traditional clothing, such as the elegant and colorful Kitenge fabric, is deeply rooted in Rwandan heritage.

Economy: Rwanda’s economy has experienced remarkable growth and transformation in recent years. The country has placed a strong emphasis on economic diversification and sustainability. Key sectors include agriculture, tourism, services, and information technology. Rwanda has made significant progress in modernizing its agricultural practices and boosting productivity. The tourism industry has flourished, attracting visitors to its breathtaking landscapes, including the Volcanoes National Park and Lake Kivu. The government’s focus on creating an enabling business environment and promoting innovation has contributed to Rwanda’s emergence as a technology hub in Africa.

Politics: Rwanda operates under a multi-party system with a President as the head of state. The country has seen stability and progress under the leadership of President Paul Kagame, who has been in power since 2000. Rwanda has embarked on a path of reconciliation and unity, prioritizing national identity over ethnic divisions. The government has implemented various policies and initiatives aimed at socio-economic development, poverty reduction, and improving the quality of life for its citizens. Rwanda’s emphasis on good governance, gender equality, and environmental sustainability has gained recognition internationally.

In conclusion, Rwanda has emerged from a dark period in its history to become a nation focused on healing, development, and progress. Its vibrant culture, commitment to reconciliation, and emphasis on economic diversification have been instrumental in its transformation. Rwanda’s breathtaking landscapes, cultural heritage, and warm hospitality make it an attractive destination for visitors. As the country continues on its path of growth and innovation, Rwanda showcases the resilience and determination of its people, offering an inspiring example of a nation overcoming adversity and embracing a brighter future.


Types of Companies in Rwanda


Private Limited Company (Ltd):

    • Ownership: Private limited companies are owned by private individuals or corporate entities.
    • Minimum Capital: No specific minimum capital requirement.
    • Liability: Limited liability for shareholders.
    • Number of Shareholders: At least one shareholder is required, and the maximum number is typically limited.
    • Directors: At least one director is required.
    • Disclosure: Financial statements must be filed annually.
    • Name: The company’s name must include “Limited” or its abbreviation “Ltd.”

Public Limited Company (PLC):

    • Ownership: Public limited companies can have their shares traded publicly on the stock exchange.
    • Minimum Capital: There may be a minimum capital requirement.
    • Liability: Limited liability for shareholders.
    • Number of Shareholders: Generally, there is no maximum limit on the number of shareholders.
    • Directors: At least three directors are typically required.
    • Disclosure: More extensive financial reporting and transparency requirements compared to private limited companies.
    • Name: The company’s name must include “Public Limited Company” or “PLC.”

Branch Office:

    • Ownership: A branch office is an extension of a foreign company and is not a separate legal entity.
    • Minimum Capital: Capital requirements may vary depending on the type of business.
    • Liability: The parent company is usually liable for the branch’s activities.
    • Registration: Foreign companies looking to operate in Rwanda can establish a branch by registering with the Rwanda Development Board (RDB).

Non-Governmental Organization (NGO):

    • Purpose: NGOs are typically established for non-profit or charitable purposes.
    • Registration: NGOs must register with the Rwanda Governance Board (RGB).
    • Reporting: NGOs are required to submit regular reports on their activities and finances.


    • Ownership: Cooperatives are owned and controlled by their members.
    • Purpose: Cooperatives are often formed for economic and social development purposes.
    • Registration: Cooperative societies must be registered with the relevant government authority.


    • Ownership: Partnerships can be general or limited, and they are often small businesses owned by two or more individuals.
    • Liability: The liability of partners depends on the type of partnership, with general partners having unlimited liability.

Sole Proprietorship:

    • Ownership: A sole proprietorship is owned and operated by a single individual.
    • Liability: The owner has unlimited liability for business debts.

“Our team can provide assistance if you need help registering a company in Rwanda.”


Common Questions


Why should I register a company in Rwanda?

Registering a company provides legal recognition and protection for your business. It can also facilitate access to financing and government support.

What is the first step to register a company in Rwanda?

The first step is to choose a unique company name and conduct a name search at the Rwanda Development Board (RDB).

Can a foreigner register a company in Rwanda?

Yes, foreigners can register companies in Rwanda. Foreign investors are encouraged, and the process is relatively straightforward.

What types of companies can I register in Rwanda?

You can register various types of companies, including private limited companies, public limited companies, branches of foreign companies, NGOs, cooperatives, partnerships, and sole proprietorships.

What is the minimum capital requirement for registering a company in Rwanda?

There is no specific minimum capital requirement for most types of companies, but it may vary depending on the business activity.

How long does the company registration process take in Rwanda?

The time frame can vary, but it generally takes several days to a few weeks, depending on the type of company and the completeness of your documentation.

What documents are required for company registration?

Commonly required documents include a business plan, articles of incorporation, proof of address, and identification documents for shareholders and directors.

Can I register my company online in Rwanda?

Yes, you can register your company online through the RDB’s online portal.

Is it necessary to have a physical office in Rwanda to register a company?

You may need a physical office or address in Rwanda, depending on the type of business and registration requirements.

What are the registration fees for a company in Rwanda?

Registration fees vary depending on the type of company and its capital. It’s advisable to check with RDB for the current fee schedule.

Do I need a local partner to register a company in Rwanda?

In most cases, you do not need a local partner, but it depends on the business activity and specific regulations.

Can I register a company in Rwanda as a sole proprietor?

Yes, you can register a sole proprietorship in Rwanda.

What is the role of the Rwanda Development Board (RDB) in company registration?

RDB is the government agency responsible for the registration and regulation of businesses in Rwanda.

Do I need a tax identification number (TIN) to register a company?

Yes, you will need a TIN for your company, and you can obtain it from the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA).

What are the steps involved in the company registration process?

The steps typically include name reservation, preparation of documents, submission of the application, payment of fees, and receiving the certificate of registration.

Can I change the company name after registration?

Changing the company name is possible but may involve a formal process and approval from the relevant authorities.

What are the advantages of registering as a limited liability company?

Limited liability protects your personal assets from business debts and liabilities.

Are there any special incentives for foreign investors in Rwanda? 

Yes, Rwanda offers various incentives and tax breaks for foreign investors in specific sectors.

“Our team can provide assistance if you need help registering a company in Rwanda.”


Can I operate multiple businesses under one company registration in Rwanda?

Yes, you can conduct multiple business activities under one company registration, but you should specify these activities during registration.

How often do I need to renew my company registration in Rwanda?

Company registrations need to be renewed annually by filing annual returns with RDB.

Do I need to hire a lawyer or consultant to register my company in Rwanda?

While it’s not mandatory, hiring a lawyer or consultant can help navigate the registration process and ensure compliance with all requirements.

Can I register an NGO as a foreigner in Rwanda?

Yes, foreigners can register NGOs in Rwanda, but there may be specific regulations and requirements.

Are there any restrictions on foreign ownership in certain sectors?

Some sectors may have restrictions on foreign ownership, so it’s essential to research the specific sector before registration.

What is the role of the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA) in the registration process?

RRA is responsible for issuing tax identification numbers (TINs) and overseeing taxation matters.

Can I register an e-commerce business in Rwanda?

Yes, e-commerce businesses can be registered in Rwanda.

Do I need to provide financial statements during registration?

Some types of companies may need to submit financial statements during the registration process.

Is there a specific format for the articles of incorporation?

Yes, there is a standard format for articles of incorporation provided by RDB.

Can I register a company with a single shareholder in Rwanda?

Yes, you can register a company with a single shareholder.

Are there any specific regulations for importing and exporting goods in Rwanda?

Yes, there are import and export regulations that businesses must adhere to, including customs procedures and documentation.

How can I protect my intellectual property when registering a company in Rwanda?

You can protect intellectual property by registering trademarks, patents, and copyrights with the Rwandan Intellectual Property Office (RIPO).

 What are the requirements for registering a cooperative in Rwanda?

Requirements for registering a cooperative include a minimum number of members and a cooperative constitution.

Can I register a company as a non-resident individual?

Yes, non-resident individuals can register companies in Rwanda.

Is it mandatory to have audited financial statements for all companies in Rwanda?

Audited financial statements may be required for larger companies, but smaller entities may have simpler reporting requirements.

Can I register a company with a virtual office address in Rwanda?

It is advisable to have a physical office or a registered address in Rwanda, but virtual offices may be acceptable for some types of businesses.

Can I register a nonprofit organization as a company in Rwanda?

Nonprofit organizations are typically registered under different regulations than for-profit companies.

Are there any environmental regulations that I need to consider when registering a company in Rwanda?

Depending on the nature of your business, you may need to comply with environmental regulations and obtain relevant permits.

Can I register a company as a partnership with both foreign and local partners?

Yes, partnerships can involve both foreign and local partners.

What are the requirements for obtaining a business license in Rwanda?

Business licenses are typically obtained after the company registration process and may vary by sector and location.

Can I change the registered office address of my company after registration?

Yes, you can change the registered office address, but you must follow the required procedure and update relevant authorities.

“Our team can provide assistance if you need help registering a company in Rwanda.”


Is it possible to register a company as a micro-enterprise in Rwanda?

Yes, Rwanda has provisions for registering micro-enterprises, which may have simplified requirements.

How can I check the availability of a company name in Rwanda?

You can check the availability of a company name by conducting a name search on the RDB website or visiting an RDB office.

What is the minimum number of directors required for a company in Rwanda?

The minimum number of directors may vary depending on the type of company, but it’s typically at least one director.

Are there any special requirements for registering a construction or real estate company in Rwanda?

Construction and real estate companies may have specific licensing and regulatory requirements.

Can I register a company with a foreign bank account?

You can register a company with a foreign bank account, but it’s essential to comply with Rwandan banking and financial regulations.

Can I register a company without a physical presence in Rwanda?

While it’s possible, it’s often advisable to have a local presence, address, or representative in Rwanda.

How do I open a corporate bank account for my registered company?

You can open a corporate bank account by contacting a Rwandan bank and providing the necessary documents, including your certificate of registration.

Can I register a tech startup in Rwanda?

Yes, Rwanda encourages tech startups and offers support through various initiatives.

Are there any specific regulations for the agriculture sector when registering a company?

The agriculture sector may have specific regulations related to land use, environmental impact, and permits.

Can I register a company as a non-governmental sports organization?

Non-governmental sports organizations may have specific regulations and registration requirements.

What is the role of the Rwanda Environmental Management Authority (REMA) in company registration?

REMA oversees environmental impact assessments and compliance with environmental regulations.

Can I register a company as a foreign investor in the mining sector?

Yes, foreign investors can register companies in the mining sector, but there are regulations related to mineral rights and permits.

Are there any specific regulations for the healthcare sector when registering a company in Rwanda? 

The healthcare sector may have specific licensing and regulatory requirements related to healthcare facilities and services.

Can I register a company as a social enterprise in Rwanda?

Yes, Rwanda recognizes social enterprises, and there may be specific regulations and support for them.

Can I register a company as a franchise in Rwanda?

Franchise businesses can be registered in Rwanda, and you may need to provide franchise agreements and documentation.

How can I get assistance with the company registration process in Rwanda?

You can seek assistance from the Rwanda Development Board (RDB), legal professionals, business consultants, or specialized agencies that help with company registration and business setup in Rwanda.

“Our team can provide assistance if you need help registering a company in Rwanda.”


Major Banks in Rwanda


“Our team can provide assistance if you need to open a bank account in Rwanda.”


The top universities in Rwanda


University of Rwanda

    • Website: https://www.ur.ac.rw/
    • Location: Kigali and various campuses across Rwanda
    • Major Courses: Offers a wide range of programs in fields such as medicine, engineering, business, social sciences, and more.

Kigali Institute of Science and Technology (KIST)

    • Website: http://www.kist.ac.rw/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Engineering, Information Technology, Environmental Management, and others.

Carnegie Mellon University Africa

    • Website: https://www.africa.cmu.edu/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Master’s programs in Information Technology and Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Mount Kenya University Rwanda

    • Website: https://www.mku.ac.ke/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Offers a variety of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in fields like business, health sciences, and social sciences.

Adventist University of Central Africa (AUCA)

    • Website: https://auca.ac.rw/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Theology, Business Administration, Computer Science, and more.

University of Kigali

    • Website: http://uok.ac.rw/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Business, Law, and Social Sciences.

University of Lay Adventists of Kigali (UNILAK)

    • Website: https://www.unilak.ac.rw/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Business Administration, Law, Social Sciences, and more.

Catholic University of Rwanda

    • Website: http://www.cur.ac.rw/
    • Location: Butare (Huye)
    • Major Courses: Theology, Education, Law, and others.

Kigali Independent University (ULK)

    • Website: https://ulk.ac.rw/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Medicine, Dentistry, Business Administration, and more.

Rwanda Tourism University College (RTUC)

    • Website: https://rtuc.rw/
    • Location: Kigali
    • Major Courses: Tourism and Hospitality Management, Information Technology, and others.

Akilah Institute for Women

Kibogora Polytechnic

“If you need assistance registering for college or university, our team is here to help.”



Strange or unusual to visitors in Rwanda


Greeting with a Bow: In Rwanda, it’s common to greet with a slight bow, especially when meeting older or respected individuals. This can be different from the handshake or other forms of greeting in some Western cultures.

Umuganda: Rwanda has a mandatory community service day called “Umuganda” on the last Saturday of each month. On this day, people come together to clean and improve their communities. Visitors may find it unusual to see everyone participating in this monthly event.

Conservation and Wildlife: Rwanda is known for its commitment to wildlife conservation, particularly mountain gorillas. Tourists are required to keep a considerable distance from gorillas to protect them from potential diseases, which may seem unusual compared to closer interactions allowed in some other countries.

Language and Culture: The Kinyarwanda language and Rwandan culture are integral to daily life. While English and French are also spoken, visitors may find it unusual to hear Kinyarwanda conversations and see traditional practices.

Roadside Memorials: Rwanda has several memorials and burial sites related to the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. Visitors may come across these somber memorials alongside roads and in various locations.

Hospitality and Friendliness: Rwandans are known for their warm hospitality and friendliness. Visitors may find it unusual how often they are greeted with smiles and greetings from strangers.

Traditional Intore Dancers: Traditional Rwandan dance performances, known as “Intore,” are unique and may seem unusual to visitors who haven’t experienced such dances before.

Agricultural Practices: Rwanda is often called “The Land of a Thousand Hills” due to its mountainous terrain. Visitors may be surprised to see the extensive terracing used for agriculture, especially on steep slopes.

Use of Motorcycles (Motos): Motorcycles, known as “motos,” are a popular mode of transport in Rwanda. Visitors may find it unusual to see passengers carrying various items or even livestock on motos.

No Plastic Bags: Rwanda has banned the use of plastic bags, which is a practice that may differ from what visitors are used to in other countries.

Boda Boda Bicycles: In addition to motorbike taxis, there are bicycle taxis known as “boda bodas.” Visitors may find it unusual to see people using bicycles for transportation in hilly areas.

Security Measures: Rwanda places a strong emphasis on security, and there are security checks at various public places, including malls and hotels. This focus on security may be different from what visitors experience in other countries.

Rwandan Cuisine: Rwandan cuisine includes dishes like “isombe” (cassava leaves), “ugali” (a type of porridge), and “brochettes” (grilled meat skewers), which may be unusual to visitors unfamiliar with African cuisine.

Traffic Rules: Rwanda has strict traffic rules and enforcement. Visitors may find it unusual to see police officers directing traffic, even at less congested intersections.

Hillside Housing: Many Rwandans live in houses built on hillsides, which can be an unusual sight for visitors used to more urban or flat landscapes.



“Tips for Newcomers: Adjusting to Life in Rwanda”


Learn Basic Kinyarwanda Phrases: While English and French are widely spoken, learning some basic Kinyarwanda phrases can go a long way in building connections with locals and showing respect for their culture.

Understand the Culture: Take the time to learn about Rwandan culture, including customs, traditions, and etiquette. Understanding the cultural context can help you navigate social situations with ease.

Respect Local Customs: Respect local customs, such as greeting with a bow, and be mindful of cultural norms, especially when visiting homes or participating in traditional events.

Umuganda Participation: Join in Umuganda, the monthly community service day. It’s an excellent opportunity to connect with neighbors and contribute to your community.

Safety and Security: Rwanda is generally considered safe, but like anywhere else, it’s essential to take precautions. Be aware of your surroundings and follow local advice on safety.

Transportation: Familiarize yourself with local transportation options, including moto-taxis (motorcycles) and buses. Learn how to negotiate fares for motos.

Healthcare: Find a reliable healthcare provider and understand the healthcare system. Make sure you have appropriate health insurance coverage.

Currency and Banking: Get acquainted with the Rwandan franc (RWF) and local banking services. Open a local bank account if necessary and use local currency for everyday transactions.

Cuisine: Explore Rwandan cuisine, including traditional dishes like brochettes and ugali. Don’t hesitate to try new foods, but also be mindful of your dietary preferences and any food allergies.

Dress Code: Dress modestly and respectfully, especially in rural areas and when visiting religious or cultural sites. Rwanda is generally conservative in terms of dress.

Adaptable Clothing: Given Rwanda’s varying climate, have clothing suitable for both warm and cool weather. Rain can be frequent, so carry an umbrella or raincoat.

Internet and Communication: Rwanda has a growing internet infrastructure. Obtain a local SIM card for your phone to stay connected and use mobile apps for navigation and communication.

Language: English and French are widely spoken, especially in urban areas. Learning some key phrases in these languages can be helpful.

Respect for the Environment: Rwanda is known for its clean and green environment. Be conscious of littering and support conservation efforts.

Respect for Wildlife: If you plan to visit national parks, such as Volcanoes National Park for gorilla trekking, follow the rules and regulations to protect the environment and wildlife.

Social Interaction: Rwandans are known for their friendliness. Be open to making new friends and participating in social events and gatherings.

Cultural Sensitivity: Be sensitive to the history of the country, particularly the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi. Avoid discussions that may be seen as insensitive or divisive.

Legal Matters: Familiarize yourself with local laws and regulations to ensure you are aware of your rights and responsibilities.

Local Events and Festivals: Participate in local events and festivals to immerse yourself in Rwandan culture and traditions.

Stay Informed: Keep up with current events in Rwanda and be aware of any travel advisories or safety updates



Top recruitment agencies in Rwanda


Kazini Kwetu:   Website: www.kazinikwetu.com

Rwanda Job Website:     Website: www.rwandajobwebsite.com

Rwanda Development Board (RDB):     website: www.rdb.rw

Glovo Rwanda:       www.glovoapp.com

UN Jobs Rwanda:      www.unjobs.org

Rwanda Employment Service Agency (RESA):      www.resa.rw

Adecco Rwanda:    www.adecco.rw


Necessary phone numbers in Rwanda


Emergency Services:

    • Police: 112
    • Ambulance: 912
    • Fire Brigade: 911

Medical Services:

    • Rwanda Biomedical Center (RBC): 114
    • Hospital and Clinic Information: You can contact specific hospitals or clinics directly for assistance. Some of the major hospitals in Rwanda include King Faisal Hospital, Rwanda Military Hospital (Kanombe Military Hospital), and University Teaching Hospital of Kigali (CHUK).

Government and Public Services:

    • Rwanda Development Board (RDB): +250 788 177 000
    • Rwanda Immigration and Emigration: +250 788 190 195

Utility Services:

    • Water and Electricity: Depending on your location, you may need to contact your local water and electricity provider. The contact information can vary by region.


    • Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA): +250 788 165 500 (for inquiries related to telecommunications and utilities)

Tourism and Travel:

    • Rwanda Tourism Board: +250 788 184 002


    • Rwanda Transport Development Agency: +250 252 586154 (for road-related inquiries)


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