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Official Name:      Lebanon



               Lebanese pound (Lira)


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  • Helping to prepare your documents
  • Start to finish your company registration process
  • Immigration services



Lebanon is a country located in the eastern Mediterranean region of Western Asia. It is officially known as the Lebanese Republic. Here are some key facts and information about Lebanon:

Geography: Lebanon is a relatively small country with a diverse landscape that includes coastal areas along the Mediterranean Sea, mountain ranges, and the Bekaa Valley. The country shares borders with Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south.

Capital: Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon. It is known for its vibrant culture, historical significance, and economic importance.

Language: The official language of Lebanon is Arabic, but French and English are widely spoken, especially in business and education.

Religion: Lebanon is characterized by its religious diversity. The two largest religious groups in Lebanon are Muslims and Christians, with various sects within these groups, such as Sunni, Shia, Maronite, and Greek Orthodox. The country’s political system is based on a confessional system that allocates power among different religious groups.

History: Lebanon has a rich and complex history, with influences from various civilizations, including the Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Crusaders, and the Ottoman Empire. It gained independence from France in 1943.

Civil War: Lebanon experienced a devastating civil war that lasted from 1975 to 1990, leading to significant political, social, and economic upheaval.

Economy: Lebanon’s economy has faced numerous challenges, including political instability and a high public debt burden. Traditionally, the country’s economy has been diverse, with a strong banking sector and services industry, but it has faced significant economic and financial crises in recent years.

Cuisine: Lebanese cuisine is renowned for its delicious and diverse offerings, such as falafel, hummus, tabbouleh, and kebabs. Mezze, a selection of small, flavorful dishes, is a common way of dining in Lebanon.

Culture: Lebanon has a vibrant cultural scene, with a strong tradition of music, literature, and art. The country has produced renowned artists, poets, and musicians, and it has a lively nightlife and entertainment industry.

Tourist Attractions: Lebanon boasts a rich historical and natural heritage. Tourist attractions include ancient ruins like Baalbek, the historic city of Byblos, and the vibrant souks (markets) of cities like Beirut. The country also offers beautiful Mediterranean beaches and the stunning landscapes of the Lebanese mountains.

Challenges: Lebanon has faced significant challenges in recent years, including political instability, economic crisis, and the impact of regional conflicts. The explosion in the Port of Beirut in August 2020 caused widespread damage and loss of life, further exacerbating the country’s problems.


Types of company registration


Trading Companies: These companies are involved in the import and export of goods. They may deal in a wide range of products, including electronics, textiles, food, and more. Lebanon’s strategic location on the Mediterranean coast makes it an attractive hub for trading activities.

Financial Institutions: Lebanon has a well-developed banking sector, and there are numerous banks and financial institutions in the country. Many Lebanese banks have a strong presence in the region, offering a wide range of financial services to both local and international clients.

Hospitality and Tourism Companies: Given its historical sites and beautiful landscapes, Lebanon has a thriving hospitality and tourism industry. Companies in this sector include hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, and tour operators.

Real Estate and Construction Companies: The real estate and construction sector has been a significant driver of the Lebanese economy. Companies in this category are involved in property development, construction, and real estate management.

Information Technology (IT) and Software Companies: Lebanon has a growing IT and software industry. These companies specialize in software development, IT consulting, and related services. Beirut, in particular, has a vibrant tech startup scene.

Manufacturing Companies: Lebanon has some manufacturing industries, including food processing, textiles, and pharmaceuticals. Some of these companies produce goods for local consumption, while others export their products.

Telecommunications Companies: Lebanon has several telecommunications providers offering mobile and fixed-line services. These companies play a crucial role in connecting people in the country and to the outside world.

Media and Entertainment Companies: This category includes television and radio stations, production companies, and media outlets. Beirut is often considered a hub for the region’s media and entertainment industry.

Energy and Renewable Energy Companies: Lebanon has been working on developing its energy sector, including renewable energy projects such as wind and solar power. Companies in this sector are involved in energy generation, distribution, and related services.

Retail Companies: Retail businesses in Lebanon range from small local shops to large shopping malls. They sell a variety of products, including clothing, electronics, and household goods.

Healthcare and Pharmaceutical Companies: Lebanon has a well-developed healthcare sector with private hospitals, clinics, and pharmaceutical companies. These companies provide medical services and produce pharmaceutical products.

Transportation and Logistics Companies: These companies handle the movement of goods and people. This sector includes shipping and logistics firms, as well as transportation providers such as airlines, shipping companies, and freight forwarders.

Food and Beverage Companies: Lebanon has a rich culinary culture, and many companies are involved in food and beverage production, including wineries, breweries, and food processing plants.



Strategic Location: Lebanon’s location on the Mediterranean coast places it at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. This strategic location can be advantageous for companies involved in international trade and logistics.

Business Opportunities: Lebanon offers diverse business opportunities across various sectors, including trading, hospitality, real estate, and information technology. The country’s entrepreneurial spirit and skilled workforce can be attractive to investors.

Banking and Financial Services: Lebanon has a well-established and sophisticated banking sector. It’s known for its financial services and a strong network of banks that can serve as a valuable resource for businesses and investors.

Cultural and Historical Appeal: Lebanon’s rich cultural and historical heritage, along with its natural beauty, can attract tourists and customers, especially in the hospitality and tourism sector.

Multilingual Workforce: Lebanon’s population is multilingual, with Arabic, French, and English being widely spoken. This linguistic diversity can be beneficial for companies aiming to operate in a global context.

Free Market Economy: Lebanon traditionally has a free-market-oriented economy, which can be conducive to business growth and entrepreneurship. However, it’s important to be aware of government regulations and economic conditions.

Tax Treaties: Lebanon has double taxation treaties with various countries, which can provide tax benefits for international businesses and investors.

Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Beirut, in particular, has a vibrant entrepreneurial ecosystem, including co-working spaces, startup incubators, and access to funding for tech startups.

Access to Regional Markets: While Lebanon is a relatively small market, it provides access to the broader Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Companies can use Lebanon as a base to expand into nearby markets.

Intellectual Property Protections: Lebanon offers intellectual property protections, which can be essential for companies in sectors like technology, media, and pharmaceuticals.

Tourism Potential: Lebanon’s tourism sector has significant potential due to its historical sites, cultural attractions, and beautiful landscapes. Tourism-related businesses can benefit from this.


Common questions:


What types of business entities can I register in Lebanon?

You can register various types, including Sole Proprietorships, Limited Liability Companies (LLCs), Joint Stock Companies, and Offshore Companies.

What is the minimum capital requirement for company registration in Lebanon?

The minimum capital requirement varies depending on the type of company. For example, an LLC typically requires a minimum capital of LBP 5 million.

Do I need a local partner to register a company in Lebanon?

It depends on the type of company and your nationality. Some business forms, like Joint Stock Companies, may require local partners.

What are the steps to register a company in Lebanon?

The general steps include reserving a company name, opening a bank account, preparing the incorporation documents, and registering with the relevant authorities.

Is there a need for a business plan during registration?

A business plan is not typically required during registration, but it can be helpful for your own planning.

Are there any special incentives for foreign investors?

Lebanon offers certain incentives for foreign investors, such as tax treaties and the ability to own property in specific areas.

Can I register a company entirely online in Lebanon?

While some steps can be done online, like reserving a company name, other procedures may require in-person visits to government offices.

What are the ongoing compliance requirements for companies in Lebanon?

Companies must file annual financial statements and comply with tax obligations.

How long does it take to register a company in Lebanon?

The time required varies depending on the type of company, but it can take several weeks to months.

What are the registration fees and costs for setting up a company in Lebanon?

Registration fees depend on the type of business and its capital, and legal and administrative costs can also vary.

Are there restrictions on the names of companies in Lebanon?

Company names should be unique and not misleading. Some names may require approval from relevant authorities.

Can I register a branch of a foreign company in Lebanon?

Yes, you can register a branch office of a foreign company in Lebanon.

What is the role of the Ministry of Economy and Trade in company registration?

The Ministry of Economy and Trade oversees business registration and commercial activities in Lebanon.

Are there specific regulations for foreign-owned businesses in Lebanon?

Foreign-owned businesses are subject to the same regulations as local companies, but there may be additional requirements.

Do I need a local office or physical presence to register a company in Lebanon?

Yes, you need a registered address in Lebanon.

Are there any specific requirements for company directors and shareholders in Lebanon?

Requirements can vary, but directors and shareholders must comply with nationality and residency requirements.

Is it mandatory to hire a local legal representative to register a company in Lebanon?

It’s advisable to have a local legal representative who understands the local laws and regulations.

Are there tax incentives for companies in Lebanon?

Lebanon has a complex tax system, and some tax incentives may be available based on the type of business and location.

What are the corporate tax rates in Lebanon?

Corporate tax rates vary, but they generally range from 15% to 17%.

What are the VAT (Value Added Tax) rates in Lebanon?

VAT rates in Lebanon are typically 11%.

Can I change the legal structure of my company after registration?

It is possible to change the legal structure, but it may involve a formal process.

Are there any special requirements for importing and exporting in Lebanon?

Import and export regulations in Lebanon can be complex, and you may need specific licenses or permits.

What are the accounting and financial reporting requirements for companies in Lebanon?

Companies are required to maintain accurate accounting records and submit annual financial statements.

Is there a requirement for social security contributions for employees?

Yes, employers and employees are required to make social security contributions.

Is it possible to register an e-commerce business in Lebanon?

Yes, you can register an e-commerce business in Lebanon.

Can I open a bank account for my company during registration?

Yes, you can open a bank account for your company as part of the registration process.

What permits and licenses may be required for specific business activities in Lebanon?

Various permits and licenses may be required based on the nature of your business, such as health licenses for restaurants.

What are the labor laws and regulations in Lebanon?

Labor laws cover aspects such as employment contracts, working hours, and employee benefits.

Is intellectual property protection available in Lebanon?

Yes, Lebanon offers intellectual property protection, and you can register trademarks and patents.

What is the role of the Commercial Register in Lebanon?

The Commercial Register is the official registry of businesses in Lebanon.

Can I register a non-profit organization or NGO in Lebanon?

Yes, non-profit organizations and NGOs can be registered in Lebanon.

What are the requirements for foreign employees working in Lebanon?

Foreign employees may require work permits and visas to work in Lebanon.

Is there a specific process for dissolving a company in Lebanon?

The process for company dissolution involves specific steps and regulatory compliance.

What is the role of the Lebanese Central Bank in business activities?

The Lebanese Central Bank oversees monetary policies and financial stability in the country.

Are there any specific regulations for companies engaged in the oil and gas industry in Lebanon?

The oil and gas industry is subject to specific regulations, and licenses are required for exploration and production activities.

What is the role of the Lebanese Customs Authority in international trade?

The Lebanese Customs Authority oversees customs clearance and import/export procedures.

Are there restrictions on the repatriation of profits and capital from Lebanon?

Repatriation of profits and capital may be subject to restrictions and currency controls.

Is there a specific tax regime for free zones in Lebanon?

Lebanon has several free zones, each with its own tax and regulatory framework.

Can I apply for government grants or subsidies for my business in Lebanon?

Some government grants and subsidies may be available for specific sectors or projects.

What is the role of the Beirut Stock Exchange (BSE) in Lebanon’s financial market?

The BSE is the primary stock exchange in Lebanon, facilitating trading of stocks and securities.

Is there a requirement for a notary public in company registration?

Some documents related to company registration may require notarization.

Can I register a company with multiple shareholders in Lebanon?

Yes, you can register a company with multiple shareholders.

What is the role of the Ministry of Finance in business taxation in Lebanon?

The Ministry of Finance is responsible for tax collection and regulation.

Are there environmental regulations and permits for businesses in Lebanon?

Environmental regulations may apply to certain businesses, and permits may be required for activities with potential environmental impact.

Is there a specific process for registering a technology or IT startup in Lebanon?

The process for registering a tech startup is similar to other business types, but you may benefit from specific incubators and programs.

Can I register a company with foreign ownership in Lebanon?

Yes, companies with foreign ownership are allowed in Lebanon, subject to certain conditions.

What are the rules and regulations regarding hiring and terminating employees in Lebanon?

Employment laws cover aspects of hiring, termination, and employee rights.

Is there a specific process for obtaining a trade license in Lebanon?

A trade license may be required based on your business activity and location.

What is the role of the Ministry of Industry in business activities in Lebanon?

The Ministry of Industry oversees industrial and manufacturing activities in the country.

What are the rules and regulations regarding intellectual property infringement in Lebanon?

Intellectual property rights are protected, and there are legal remedies for infringement.

Is there a requirement for business insurance in Lebanon?

Some forms of business insurance, like liability insurance, may be required or advisable.

Can I apply for export incentives in Lebanon?

Lebanon offers incentives for certain export-oriented industries.

Are there specific regulations for the healthcare and pharmaceutical industry in Lebanon?

The healthcare and pharmaceutical industry is subject to specific regulations and licenses.

What is the role of the Ministry of Tourism in promoting tourism-related businesses in Lebanon?

The Ministry of Tourism plays a role in promoting and regulating the tourism sector.

Is there a specific process for starting a food and beverage business in Lebanon?

Food and beverage businesses may need health licenses, and there are regulations for food safety and quality.


Documents required to register a company


Company Name Reservation Application: You will need to choose a unique name for your company and submit an application to reserve it with the Ministry of Economy and Trade.

Company Bylaws: You should prepare the company’s bylaws, outlining the structure, management, and operations of the company. The bylaws should be notarized.

Memorandum of Association: This is a formal document that outlines the objectives and purpose of the company. It should be notarized as well.

Shareholders’ Information: You will need to provide the names, nationalities, addresses, and shareholdings of the company’s shareholders. For foreign shareholders, copies of passports or identification documents may be required.

Directors’ Information: Information about the company’s directors, including names, nationalities, and addresses, should be provided. Similar to shareholders, copies of identification documents may be required.

Registered Address: You must have a registered physical address in Lebanon for the company. This address will be used for official communications.

Bank Certificate: You will need to obtain a certificate from a Lebanese bank confirming that the required capital has been deposited in the company’s bank account.

Minutes of the Founders’ Meeting: Minutes of the meeting where founders and shareholders approve the company’s formation and bylaws should be documented.

Proof of Payment: You may need to provide proof of payment for the registration fees and related expenses.

Copies of Identification Documents: Copies of identification documents for the founders, shareholders, and directors, such as passports or national ID cards, may be required.

Approval from Regulatory Authorities: Depending on the type of business, you may need approvals or permits from relevant regulatory authorities. For example, healthcare and pharmaceutical companies require approval from the Ministry of Public Health.

Lease Agreement: If the registered address is a leased property, you may need to provide a lease agreement or a copy of the property title.

Foreign Investment Approval (if applicable): If your company has foreign shareholders or is involved in certain activities, you may need to obtain approval from the Investment Development Authority of Lebanon (IDAL).

Tax Identification Number (TIN): Obtain a Tax Identification Number for your company, which is typically issued by the Ministry of Finance.

Special Permits or Licenses: Depending on your business activity, you may need special permits or licenses from relevant ministries or government agencies. For example, food service businesses may require health permits.

Social Security Registration: If you have employees, you will need to register for social security and provide the required information.


Major Banks in Lebanon


Banque du Liban (Central Bank of Lebanon)

Website: www.bdl.gov.lb

Banque Libano-Française (BLF)

Website: www.eblf.com

Bank Audi

Website: www.bankaudi.com.lb


Website: www.blombank.com

Byblos Bank

Website: www.byblosbank.com


Website: www.fransabank.com

Société Générale de Banque au Liban (SGBL)

Website: www.sgbl.com.lb

Credit Libanais

Website: www.creditlibanais.com.lb

Lebanese Swiss Bank (LSB)

Website: www.lebaneseswissbank.com

Audi Saradar Bank

Website: www.audisaradar.com

Bank of Beirut

Website: www.bankofbeirut.com

Bank of Beirut and the Arab Countries (BBAC)

Website: www.bbacbank.com


The top universities in Lebanon


American University of Beirut (AUB)

Website: www.aub.edu.lb

Université Saint-Joseph (USJ)

Website: www.usj.edu.lb

Lebanese American University (LAU)

Website: www.lau.edu.lb

Beirut Arab University (BAU)

Website: www.bau.edu.lb

Lebanese International University (LIU)

Website: www.liu.edu.lb

University of Balamand

Website: www.balamand.edu.lb

Lebanese University

Website: www.ul.edu.lb

American University of Science and Technology (AUST)

Website: www.aust.edu.lb

Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK)

Website: www.usek.edu.lb

Rafik Hariri University (RHU)

Website: www.rhu.edu.lb


Strange or unusual to visitors in Lebanon


Traffic and Driving: Traffic in Lebanon, especially in cities like Beirut, can be chaotic and congested. Drivers may seem aggressive, and road rules are not always strictly followed.

Language Diversity: While Arabic is the official language, many Lebanese people are multilingual, and French and English are commonly spoken, particularly in urban areas. It’s not uncommon to hear people switch between languages in a single conversation.

Electricity and Power Cuts: Lebanon has experienced frequent power cuts due to energy shortages. Many businesses and households rely on generators to supplement their power supply.

Hospitality and Food: Lebanese hospitality is well-known, and visitors may be offered large quantities of food and drink when visiting someone’s home. It is customary to accept these offerings graciously.

Diverse Religious Sites: Lebanon is home to various religious communities, and you can find mosques, churches, and other religious sites in close proximity. It’s not unusual to see a mosque next to a church, for example.

Local Cuisine: Lebanese cuisine is diverse and delicious, but some dishes and ingredients may be unfamiliar to visitors. Trying local specialties like raw kibbeh or moutabbal (a type of eggplant dip) can be a unique experience.

Arak Drinking Culture: Arak is a traditional Lebanese anise-flavored alcoholic drink. It is often diluted with water and ice and is a popular choice for social gatherings and meals.

Public Demonstrations: Lebanon has a history of public demonstrations and protests on various issues. Visitors may encounter such gatherings, which are often peaceful, during their stay.

Historical Ruins: Lebanon has a wealth of historical sites and ruins, including ancient Roman temples, Phoenician cities, and medieval castles. It can be fascinating to explore these well-preserved historical sites.

Beirut’s Nightlife: Beirut is known for its vibrant nightlife. The city comes alive at night, with bars, clubs, and restaurants staying open late, offering a unique party scene.

Mixed Dress Code: While Lebanon is a predominantly Muslim country, the dress code varies. In cities like Beirut, you will see a mix of conservative and more liberal dress styles.

Coexistence of Religious Holidays: Lebanon celebrates various religious holidays due to its diverse population. It’s common for people of different faiths to participate in each other’s celebrations.

Outdoor Cafes (Café trottoir): Many Lebanese cities have outdoor cafes lining the streets and sidewalks, where people gather to drink coffee, smoke shisha, and socialize.

Water Pipe (Shisha): Smoking a water pipe, commonly known as shisha or hookah, is a popular pastime in Lebanon. It’s often enjoyed in cafes and social settings.


“Tips for Newcomers: Adjusting to Life in Lebanon”


Learn the Local Language: While Arabic is the official language, many Lebanese people also speak French and English. Learning some basic Arabic phrases can be helpful for day-to-day interactions.

Respect the Cultural Diversity: Lebanon is known for its religious and cultural diversity. Be respectful of the various traditions and beliefs, and be open to learning about different cultures.

Explore the Cuisine: Lebanese cuisine is renowned for its delicious and diverse dishes. Don’t miss the opportunity to try local foods and specialties. Be sure to sample shawarma, falafel, tabbouleh, and baklava, among others.

Understand the Local Driving Habits: Traffic in Lebanon can be hectic, and drivers can be aggressive. Familiarize yourself with local driving habits, and exercise caution when on the road.

Stay Informed: Keep up with the local news and be aware of any security or safety concerns. Lebanon has experienced periods of political instability, so staying informed is important.

Cultural Events and Festivals: Lebanon hosts numerous cultural events, festivals, and exhibitions throughout the year. Attending these can provide insights into the local culture and art scene.

Enjoy the Nightlife: Beirut is famous for its vibrant nightlife. Explore the city’s bars, clubs, and entertainment venues. Just be mindful of your safety and drink responsibly.

Respect the Call to Prayer: Lebanon is a predominantly Muslim country, and the call to prayer is a significant part of daily life. Respect the call and the culture, and be considerate of your neighbors during prayer times.

Bargaining: Bargaining is a common practice in Lebanese markets and souks. Don’t be afraid to negotiate prices when shopping, but do so respectfully.

Dress Modestly: While Beirut and some other areas are relatively liberal, it’s advisable to dress modestly, particularly if you plan to visit more conservative areas and religious sites.

Stay Hydrated: Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers. Be sure to stay hydrated, especially during the warm months.

Use Local Transportation: Public transportation options, like buses and shared taxis, are available in Lebanon. Familiarize yourself with the local transportation system to get around easily.

Embrace the Coffee Culture: Coffee is an important part of Lebanese social life. Join locals in cafes, enjoy Arabic coffee (ahweh), or savor a cup of Turkish coffee.

Make Local Friends: Building relationships with local residents can greatly enhance your experience in Lebanon. It’s a wonderful way to learn more about the culture and traditions.

Safety Precautions: While Lebanon can be a safe place to live and visit, be aware of your surroundings and take basic safety precautions, such as safeguarding your belongings.

Be Patient: Life in Lebanon can be a bit unpredictable, so it’s essential to be patient and adaptable. Things might not always go as planned.

Respect Local Customs: Be aware of and respectful towards local customs and social norms. For example, it’s common to greet with a kiss on both cheeks among acquaintances.

Seek Professional Guidance: If you’re in Lebanon for work or study, consider seeking guidance from expatriate or international student services to help you navigate various administrative and cultural challenges.


Top recruitment agencies in Lebanon



Website: www.hirelebanese.com

Expertise Recruitment

Website: www.expertiserecruitment.com

MINDSHIFT Talent Advisory

Website: www.mindshifttalent.com

Jerry Varghese Global

Website: www.jerryvarghese.com

JobMaster Human Capital Solutions

Website: www.jobmastergroup.com

ProConsult Advocates & Legal Consultants

Website: www.proconsultadvisors.com

Compass Consultancy

Website: www.compassconsultancy.com

M.C.A. People Solutions

Website: www.mca.ps

Top Business Group

Website: www.topbusiness-hr.com


Website: www.waziffa.com


Necessary phone numbers in Lebanon


Emergency Services:

Police: 112

Fire Department: 175

Medical Emergencies (Ambulance): 140

General Emergency Number: 112 is a universal emergency number that can connect you to police, fire, or medical services.

Lebanese Red Cross: 140

Electricity Services:

Electricité du Liban (EDL) Customer Service: 145

Water Services:

Water Establishments (for water supply issues): 1728

Telephone Directory Assistance:

Directory Assistance (to find phone numbers): 120

Lebanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants: 1717

Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport: +961 1 629 999

Pharmacy Nightline: 1735 (for information about late-night pharmacies)

American Citizen Services (U.S. Embassy in Lebanon): +961 4 542 600

British Embassy in Lebanon: +961 1 960800

Canadian Embassy in Lebanon: +961 4 726710


Best Way to immigrate to Lebanon


Employment:If you have a job offer in Lebanon, your employer can help you obtain a work visa. In some cases, this may lead to permanent residency if you meet certain requirements.

Study:If you are accepted into a recognized educational institution in Lebanon, you can apply for a student visa. Upon graduation, you may have opportunities for employment and residency.

Family Reunification:If you have close family members who are Lebanese citizens or legal residents, you may be eligible to apply for family reunification.

Investment:Some countries have visa programs for investors. You may be able to obtain a visa or residence permit if you make a significant financial investment in Lebanon.

Retirement:Lebanon offers a retirement residency program for foreign retirees. To be eligible, you typically need to be over a certain age and meet specific financial requirements.

Marriage to a Lebanese Citizen:Marrying a Lebanese citizen may make you eligible for residency, although the process and requirements can vary.

Asylum or Refugee Status:If you are a refugee or seeking asylum in Lebanon due to persecution or conflict in your home country, you can apply for asylum or refugee status.

Volunteer or NGO Work:Some people come to Lebanon as volunteers or work for non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Your organization may help with visa and residency arrangements.

Visit and Extend:Some individuals come to Lebanon on a tourist visa and later apply to extend their stay, transition to a work visa, or explore other immigration options.


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